The government should make social care free to everyone who needs it to take pressure off the NHS, former Labour and Tory health ministers have said.
Conservative, Lord David Prior and Labour’s Lord Ara Darzi also called for a “radical streamlining” of NHS organisations to roll back the damaging reforms implemented by former health secretary Andrew Lansley.
Abolishing means testing of social care would end the scandal of people with significant care needs facing bills in the hundreds of thousands of pounds for care, they said.
Cuts to social care funding under the Conservatives have seen the numbers of people receiving state-funded care falling five per cent a year.
But it is costing the NHS £3bn a year to care for people in hospital who are fit enough to be sent home but haven’t got sufficient support, and free services for people with “critical” or “substantial” needs would help.
Elderly people in residential accommodation would still be expected to pay their own housing costs if they can afford to, as at present.
The report sets out how the NHS and social care system could deliver productivity savings which they claim, combined with the extra funding, would release resources to meet the rising needs of an ageing population and enable it to embrace medical and technical advances.
Their plan, compiled with think tank the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR), suggests streamlining the NHS by replacing 244 commissioning bodies and other organisations with up to 10 new Health and Care Authorities
It also puts forward the case for a long-term funding settlement which guarantees NHS funding will grow at its historic annual rate of 1.5% above overall economic growth, for a total of around 3.5% a year.
Reform would require annual spending on social care to double, from its current level of around £17 billion to £36 billion, by 2030.
The report recommends funding this during the current parliament by putting a penny on National Insurance Contributions (NICs) for employers, employees and the self-employed, as part of a wider settlement for the NHS.
They suggest the creation of up to 10 new Health and Care Authorities (HCAs), to replace the current 195 Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs) and five NHS England regions.
This would mean undoing some of the Lansley reforms, which separated acute and community care commissioning – undertaken by CCGs – and primary care and specialised commissioning – undertaken by NHS England.
The number of national NHS leadership bodies would also be cut from six to three, by merging NHS Improvement, Health Education England and Public Health England with NHS England.
They also suggest the obligation to competitively tender for services – internally or externally – should be scrapped, arguing that the constant churn generated by this process is costly and disruptive to care, with limited evidence that it has improved quality or efficiency.
Lord Darzi said: “The NHS and social care have done well to improve or maintain quality over the last decade. But the cracks are now showing.
“We need bold action to ensure that the NHS is fit for the 21st century. This will mean caring as much about social care and public health as the NHS and embracing reform as much as additional funding.
“The gift the NHS needs on its 70th birthday is a pragmatic plan to secure it for future generations.”
Lord Prior said: “Simply putting more money into the NHS and hoping for the best will not work. With funding must come radical reform. We need a shift from ‘diagnose and treat’ to ‘predict and prevent’.
“Care must be joined up around – and tailored to – the patient. A universal service should be there for everyone, not the same for everyone.
“At the heart of our plan for reform is a radical simplification of the NHS and a properly funded social care system to make this happen.”
It is disgusting that people were misled into believing that the insurance payments they made to government – which are compulsory – would cover the cost of care in their old age have been ripped-off – with many being left without proper care.
The Lords David Prior and Lord Ara Darzi proposals to reform the NHS and to make social care free at the point of entry are designed to stimulate the debate on the way forward for these services which are critical to the population of the UK.
Whether making social care free would take the pressure off the NHS is debatable. It could be argued that it will only encourage greater use of social care. Those who work in the NHS will dread the thought of another reorganisation, and there is no mention of how much this would cost. I guess we will need to wait for the publication on the Green Paper on social care which has now been delayed, to see if any account has been taken of the proposals made by the lords.
Albert Cook BA, MA & Fellow Charted Quality Institute
Bettal Quality Consultancy