The adult social care workforce is larger than the NHS workforce but has lower average pay, fewer qualifications and more part time staff.
Turnover is high and there are 88,000 vacancies.
Required growth of between 14% and 31% is forecast by 2030.
18% of the workforce is from overseas with regional variation.
20,300 independent organisations provide care in England.
The government is consulting on changing aspects of the system. The report highlights that the majority of the care workforce is likely to earn at or near the National Minimum Wage. The workforce is 82% female with an average age of 43 and nearly half work part time including 54% of care workers. Zero-hour contracts cover 24% of all staff and 33% of care workers. Turnover is high at over 25% with around 347,000 staff leaving roles during 2016/17, 33% of those leaving the sector altogether. The sector faces recruitment and retention challenges at all levels, in both regulated and unregulated professions. Vacancy rates are higher than the general economy at 6.6% compared to 2.5%, with approximately 88,000 vacancies. Workforce diversity, as with the NHS, means a combination of interventions are needed to support an adult social care workforce for the future. The government has recognised pressures on the social care system with an additional £2bn, however a number of factors such as pay, large numbers of small employers, contract status and retention and recruitment make workforce issues challenging for the sector.
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